Microscope

December 2007.


© John R. Bentley 2007.

Using the
Lomo MBC-10 Stereo Microscope System
(SF-100B)

In the Model Engine Workshop



An 8x/23 eyepiece containing a glass reticle with a scale for measuring.


This page is part of the website ModelEngines.info and conveys my personal experiences using a stereo microscope as an aid to making small components in my home machine shop.  It implies absolutely nothing about what anyone else should or should not do, regarding the use or purchasing of a stereo microscope.  Please accept the page for what it is and enjoy some revealing close up views of one of these marvellous instruments.



Scroll down for the MBC-10 details...or...

Page 1 is quite long and contains almost fifty pictures.  I wanted to show as much as possible for reference, since some visitors might be interested only in specific aspects of this instrument or wish to return to this page at later date.  If your interest is solely in using the microscope in conjunction with a lathe please select Page 2.


( to go directly to Page 2 about this microscope attached to the Taig lathe  Click Here )



A dust cover is essential in a workshop full of flying metal chips!





Ready for action





The large knob sets the magnification power
The small knurled knob above it adjusts the interpupilary distance of the eyepieces




The microscope is modular in construction - assembly / disassembly is a snap!


The upper lockscrew allows removal of the binocular Schmidt prism / eyepiece unit





Unscrewing the lower lockscrew permits the objective lens to fall clear of the head





Note the big straight-knurled anodized aluminum ring around the lens.
Loosening this ring allows the large gray collar and the illuminator unit to swivel around the lens barrel



The bottom of the binocular Schmidt Prism unit which supports the eyepieces





Here is a quick look inside the prism head:


The cover is made of sturdy diecast construction







TOP VIEW:  two rubber "tires" make a resilient dust seal between the adjustable prism carriers and the cover





A close view of one of the rubber dust seals - they are like a car tire with only one side on the rim





Here the left prism is clearly visible in its carrier





The brown metal cylinder is the part of the coupling for the interpupilary distance adjustment



From a mechanical standpoint, the head unit employs good practical construction techniques all round



A better look at the bottom element of the objective lens and the green filter over the illuminator condenser lens



The working distance below the glass is 95mm (3 in.)


The bottom portion of the objective lens beside a Canon A75 - for a sense of scale





This is the other end of the same lens





The eye tubes and eyepieces are metal while the eyeguards are nonmetal
(the material resembles Bakelite)



Two sets of eyepieces (8x and 14x) plus an 8x reticle-holding version were included







This is the 8x eyepiece for holding the reticles
(the multi-start focusing thread is visible in the light coloured alloy)




There were two 24mm glass reticles included:
- a numbered scale with cross hairs (etched) for measuring
- and a grid of 225 squares to assist when counting           



EYE GUARD





It is made in two parts - note the thin metal retaining ring that slips on over the eyepiece
The tough smooth-plastic eyeguard is threaded onto the thin ring.





± 5 dioptric focusing is provided on one of the tubes







This is the main head containing the focusing rack and Galilean Drum adjustable magnifier





If you are wondering about the double focusing knob by my thumb, only the smaller diameter portion turns.  The larger section is part of a simple system which adds drag to the rack and pinion dovetail slide to prevent the weight of the head from moving downward due gravity, therby disrupting focus settings.  The friction is applied to the shaft by a composition washer, bearing against a flat surface under the pressure of a spring washer.







A view of the rack and dovetail focusing arangement




The entire optical head mounts on a pole
- this arrangement will allow for easy custom mounting on lathes and vertical milling machines



The Galilean Drum showing the 7x lens pair switched into position




The drum provides five discrete magnification powers and there are two sets of eyepieces, resulting in ten powers.  There are only two sets of lenses on the drum and one set of empty holes.  As the natural power of the big objective lens is 2x, that is the magnification provided when the empty holes are in the optical path.  Each of the two drum lens sets either add or subtract from this power, as when looking through binoculars from either the front or the back.

The actual lens magnification figures are rounded-off for convenience. For example, the 8x eyepiece is actually 8.16x and the 14x is really 14.30x.  Combined with the objectives in the drum this results in an odd, but usable selection.

The actual magnifications are: 4.65x, 8.15x, 8.24x, 14.44x, 16.32x, 28.60x, 32.64x, 57.20x, 57.52x, and 100.81x.




The heavy cast alloy base is made in two detachable parts
- for transmitted and reflected illumination



The casting work is very good - sturdy design and well executed







The reflector control wheel and illuminator hole are visible in this rear view





A clear view of the lamp opening showing the quality of workmanship on the base



It accepts the condenser unit or just the bare bulb and socket


Here is the underside of the base casting, revealling the reflector belt drive and lampholder




The reflector is mirrored on one side and flat white on the back for diffused illumination





Yes, they even included a spare belt!   A common O-Ring would suffice as a replacement.






The adjustable reflector pivot





This spring-loaded mechanism latches the two parts of the base together





The 100mm glass stage plate is ground around the edge
and chamfered on the top and bottom corners  - proper thing!





Here I was trying an experiment in LED diffuse illumination





A substantial metal black & white (reversible) contrast plate for use with incident illumination





The condenser lens of the illuminator





The tungsten lamp and socket assembly



It is an 8 volt, 20-Watt bulb but operates from a 6-volt transformer
- no doubt greatly extending the life of the bulbs



The condenser filter holder was supplied with a green filter already installed





It should be easy to change the filter to any colour





The complete illuminator





Um...we don't use that type of plug in this country...
- but it is only 6 volts, it's straightforward and it works!






FIVE METAL EYEPIECES

This box also included three illuminator lamps, a grid reticle,
as well as two eyeguards and a spare reflector rotator belt.





THE MICROSCOPE IN ACTION:


Here's a view through the eyepiece at 8.24x magnification



The object is More & Wright half-inch micrometer calliper



These flat micro drills were illuminated with both incidental and transmitted light





Here is a standard camera macro shot of the same drills protruding from their cannister





A higher magnification of one of the drill points (cropped picture)



I believe the magnification was about 32x - aproximately one-third of the maximum available



All three photos were made with a Canon A75 at full wide angle position of the camera zoom.  The camera was handheld over the right eyepiece (8x). The Canon autofocus system was in use.  I also tried an Olympus Verve S in super macro - the picture showed none of the field's circular periphery.  The result was a rectangular image of the main portion of the microscope's field of view.



The LOMO MBC-10 (LF-100) microscope is equipped with armrests for use during tedious inspections.  If I were to use them often, I might be tempted to slide on heavy padded sleeves for added comfort and to weigh them down.



I plan to use the instrument in this location for assembly of small components and general inspection duties.  I hope a couple of mounting brackets will be conjured up soon to allow attaching the microscope to my lathes and micro mill.  When I do that, they will become the subjects of other pages linked to this web page.


This instrument was purchased from Oceanside Photo & Telescope in California.
Simply put, my experience with them was excellent.



Click for Page 2:   Installing and Using a Stereo Microscope on the Taig Lathe


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